Mars has a source of energy through sunlight. There are many elements found on Mars like carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen & oxygen. Mars also has water on its surface in the form of ice caps on its poles.
Inspite of this, there are a few problems we have to overcome before setting foot on the red planet. The atmosphere on Mars is almost non-existent. The gravity is also 0.375x of Earth. This directly affects the density on Mars. Its atmospheric density is 1% that of Earth. If you stand on the surface of Mars, there will be very less pressure exerted on you by the atmosphere. This doesn't seem like a problem, does it? It is, in fact, it is one of the biggest problems.
The boiling point of water on Earth at sea level is 212 °F / 100 °C . Our average body temperature is around 98.6 °F / 37 °C. The vast gap between the boiling point & average body temperature is what is keeping us alive. This all changes when it comes to Mars. The boiling point of water on Mars drops significantly below average human body temperature. This means that all the water inside us, starts boiling on Mars. This would be a horrible way to die.
If this doesn't kill you, you'll suffocate. There is not enough oxygen in the atmosphere. Moreover, the average temperature of the surface of Mars is - 81°F / - 62.°C. This means that on the outside, you'll be freezing while the blood inside you will be boiling, all while you will be having problems breathing.
Nevertheless, there are workarounds and I have discussed them in another blog post. You can check them out by clicking here.
This video is part of Mars & Space Exploration series. Please check them out here: